Languages of Bihar – Explore the Rich and Diverse Languages of Bihar

Bihar in India is known for its rich cultural heritage and its many languages. The official language of the state is Hindi, but there are five other languages spoken in the region.

Bihar is the only state where total 5 languages are spoken these languages are:

  1. Angika
  2. Bhojpuri
  3. Magahi
  4. Maithili
  5. Vajjika (Bajjika)

Each of these languages has its own unique history, dialect, and culture, of which there are only three major languages: Bhojpuri, Maithili, and Magahi

Maithili

Maithili is the oldest language of Bihar, still spoken in the Mithila region of Bihar situated close to its eastern border with Nepal. It is the language of the ancient Mithila kingdom, which existed for centuries in the region. Approximately 18 million people in the region speak Maithili, which is part of the Indo-Aryan language family. This language is mainly spoken in the eastern part of the state and is written in the Devanagari script.

Magahi

It’s a language spoken by about 20 million people in Bihar. It is said to have originated from the Magadha kingdom which existed in the region around 500 BCE. It is written in the Devanagari script and is also a part of the Indo-Aryan language family.

Bhojpuri

A language, spoken by about 180 million people in India and Nepal. It is believed to have originated from the Magadha kingdom and the language is written in the Devanagari script. It is a part of the Indo-Aryan language family and is spoken in the western part of Bihar.

Angika

It is spoken by about 30 million people in the region. It is believed to have originated from the Anga kingdom which existed in the region around 800 BCE. It is written in the Bengali script and is a part of the Indo-Aryan language family.

Vajjika

spoken by about 1 million people in the region. It is believed to have originated from the Vajji kingdom which existed in the region around 700 BCE. It is written in the Devanagari script and is also a part of the Indo-Aryan language family.

Each of these languages has its own unique history and culture. They are all part of the rich cultural heritage of Bihar and are an important part of the region’s identity.

FAQs

What languages are spoken in Bihar?

The main languages spoken in Bihar are Maithili, Hindi, Urdu, Bhojpuri, Magahi, Vajjika (Bajjika), and Angika.

Is English spoken in Bihar?

Yes, English is spoken alongside the regional languages in Bihar.

Is Bhojpuri the official language of Bihar?

No, Bhojpuri is not the official language of Bihar. Hindi is the official language.

What is the most widely spoken language in Bihar?

Hindi is the most widely spoken language in Bihar.

Is Maithili an official language of Bihar?

No, Maithili is not the official language of Bihar. It is one of the regional languages spoken in the region.

What is the mother tongue of Bihar?

The mother tongue of Bihar is Hindi.

Are Urdu and Hindi mutually intelligible?

Yes, Urdu and Hindi are mutually intelligible, as both are derived from Sanskrit.

Is Magahi an Indo-Aryan language?

Yes, Magahi is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language.

What is the origin of the Angika language?

The Angika language is believed to have originated from a mix of Maithili and Bhojpuri.

Is there a difference between the Hindi spoken in Bihar and the Hindi spoken in other parts of India?

Yes, the Hindi spoken in Bihar has some unique dialectical features and pronunciation that differ from Hindi spoken in other parts of India.

Author

Share Using:

Leave a Comment